A systematic literature review published on NCBI in July 2020 summarizes evidence from various publications in regard to the role of diet and nutrition as a cause of migraines and as migraine triggers. Data was gathered from primary literature sources from March 2019 to January 2000 in patients over 18 years old. A total of 43 studies were included in the review assessing diet patterns, diet interventions, and diet-related triggers. Among the diets assessed were low-fat, elimination diets, keto diet, and diet-related triggers such as alcohol and caffeine. The review concluded that there is limited high-quality randomized controlled trial data on diet patterns or diet-related triggers. Although many patients already reported avoiding personal diet-related triggers in their migraine management, further research is necessary.
An article published in the MDPI journal, Nutrients in June 2020 looks at the influence of dietary patterns and dietary triggers on migraines. Identifying these triggers is challenging because so many other factors such as age, genetics, sex, and individual immunological responses to food can influence migraines. If the triggers can be identified they can be avoided to prevent migraines. This review presents the current status of research into diet and migraines and how lifestyle changes may increase the quality of life of patients. The review examines elimination diets; migraine diets; epigenetic diets; the gut-brain axis and probiotics in relation to migraines. The review concludes that the selection of an appropriate diet and obtaining correct dietary counseling is recommended to ensure the biopsychosocial well-being of migraine patients, as strict food avoidance may result in stress and poor quality of life.
Source:Migraine and Diet